Alcohol and Substance Abuse Policies — EDGAR notification
Rockhurst University sponsors programs, services and activities that encourage students to develop academically, spiritually, socially, physically and emotionally. In a partnership among students, faculty and staff, the University helps to create an educational environment with principles rooted in its Jesuit, Catholic tradition. These principles challenge students to strive for excellence, to become men and women for others, to integrate classroom and experiential learning, to develop talents through discovery and reflection and to share a common concern with each person. Likewise, Rockhurst University sponsors similar programs, services and activities to encourage its employees to perform at their full potential and to lead lives that are spiritually, socially, physically and emotionally healthy.
In compliance with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989 (EDGAR Part 86), this memorandum is presented to provide Rockhurst University students and employees with the following
- a description of the health risks associated with the use of alcohol and other drugs
- a description of campus resources available to students and employees, including prevention and treatment resources
- applicable federal, state and legal sanctions
- the University’s standards of conduct relating to the use or possession of alcohol and drugs and the disciplinary sanctions for violations of those standards
In addition, this memorandum serves as an opportunity to solicit your compliance with these policies and encourage your active participation in fostering a responsible, safe and caring community.
The use, misuse and abuse of alcohol and other drugs can cause a number of problematic changes in behavior and physiology. Alcohol, especially in high doses or combined with medications or other drugs, can lead to violent behaviors including acquaintance rape, vandalism, fights, incidents of drinking and driving, injury and other medical emergencies. If you discover someone who is excessively intoxicated, unconscious or in need of emergency assistance, please dial extension 4010 if on campus (816-501-4010), and 911 if off campus. Doing so may save someone's life.
Moderate to high doses of alcohol may cause marked impairments in higher mental functions, severely altering a person's ability to learn and recall information. Research has shown that using alcohol or other drugs negatively affects academic and work performance.
The risk of having an automobile accident increases after consuming even relatively small quantities of alcohol. Low doses may significantly impair judgment, coordination, abstract mental functioning and the ability to complete complex tasks.
Repeated use of alcohol and other drugs can lead to physical and/or emotional dependence. Alcohol or substance dependence occurs when a person continues their use despite recurrent social, interpersonal and/or legal consequences. There is strong evidence based in medical research that alcohol and other drug abuse contributes significantly to heart disease and cancer as well as permanent damage of vital organs such as the brain and liver. There is clear evidence of serious negative effects on babies due to the use of illicit drugs and alcohol by the mother during pregnancy.
Additional Health Risks
Cannabis (Marijuana, Hashish). The use of marijuana may impair or reduce short-term memory and comprehension, alter sense of time and reduce coordination and energy level. Its effect can last for more than 4-6 hours after being used. Contrary to popular belief, marijuana is both physically and emotionally addictive.
Hallucinogens (LSD, Ecstasy, and PCP) cause hallucinations. The user may experience panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety and loss of control. Delayed effects can occur, including ongoing loss of concentration and memory. Frequent use can cause permanent loss of some mental functions.
Cocaine/Crack are highly addictive drugs. The immediate effects of cocaine include dilated pupils, elevated blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate and body temperature, followed by depression. Crack can cause delirium, hallucinations, blurred vision, severe chest pain, muscle spasms and even death. These drugs cause a temporary feeling of power, impairing judgment and decision-making.
Amphetamines (Crystal, Speed, Crank, and Meth) are highly addictive stimulants, which can cause one to "rush" around and appear stimulated. Amphetamines can also cause rapid or irregular heartbeat, loss of coordination, collapse and even death. Continued stimulant abuse can lead to mood swings, irritability, depression, sleeplessness and even altered personality and paranoia.
Heroin causes the body to have diminished pain reactions and is highly addictive both physically and emotionally. It can cause disinterest in relationships, personal productivity and workplace safety. The use of heroin can result in coma and death. Commonly used intravenously, heroin use is associated with a wide range of physical health problems (i.e., AIDS, hepatitis).
Prescription drugs (i.e. anti-depressants, pain suppressants, stimulants, and tranquilizers) are safe only if taken as prescribed under the supervision of a licensed physician. If abused, they can lead to sluggishness or hyperactivity, impaired reflexes, liver and kidney damage, addiction and nervous system damage.
For students, knowing how to cope with problems and keeping yourself informed are important steps in successfully navigating the rigorous demands of college life. We offer a variety of on-going programs specifically addressing substance abuse, responsible decision-making and healthy lifestyles. Literature and pamphlets are available through the Counseling Center. AIM Classes, Alcohol EDU, PEER programs, Social Norming Campaign, Social Mentor programs, Fatalision, Greek Leadership training, and SAB alternative late night programs are examples of programs offered by the University. These programs are available through the Counseling Center, Residence life, Student Life, Security and Athletics. For students seeking assistance with suspected drug or alcohol problems, the Counseling Center is available for initial dialogue and assistance in defining the extent of any problem.
Massman Hall, Room 3
Massman Hall, Room 3
Massman Hall, Room 1
Rockhurst Community Center
Mason-Halpin Field House
Employees with alcohol and other drug-related problems are encouraged, and in some cases, may be required to utilize the services of private and/or community agencies to receive appropriate information, treatment, counseling or referral services. To receive information on the resources available, employees may contact the Human Resources Director, whose contact information is provided below. The University also has access to an Employee Assistance Program, which may be helpful in addressing alcohol and drug issues. The EAP assists employees in dealing with personal problems including substance abuse, emotional, mental health, family, marital, financial and legal problems. Employees and immediate family members may make a confidential appointment with our EAP provider by calling the numbers below.
Director of Human Resources
Conway Hall 102
Office of Finance and Human Resources
Employee Assistance Program (EAP)
New Directions Behavioral Health
Rockhurst supports and encourages students and employees to make healthy choices for themselves and to offer support for those who may require assistance in dealing with problematic alcohol and or other drug use. Rockhurst encourages students and employees who believe that alcohol or drugs is having an unfavorable effect on their every-day life, who believe they have an alcohol or drug problem, or who believe a fellow student or employee has an alcohol or drug problem, to seek assistance through such campus resources as Residence Life staff and the Counseling Center or the Office of Human Resources. Students who voluntarily seek assistance for a dependence issue unrelated to a university investigational process or disciplinary proceeding will not be charged with a violation of the Student Code of Conduct (see Good Samaritan policy in the student handbook on page 148).
Apart, separate and distinct from the University’s policies, students and employees who engage in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession or use of controlled substances, illicit or illegal drugs or alcohol are subject to sanctions under local and municipal ordinances, Missouri Statutes, the United States Code and other applicable local, state and federal laws. Such sanctions could include, without limitation, fines and imprisonment. The severity of the sanctions imposed for drug possession or distribution offenses depends on the type and quantity of drugs, prior conviction, and whether death or serious injury resulted. Sanctions may be increased for offenses that involve distribution to minors or occur on or near University premises. In addition, other federal laws require or permit forfeiture of personal or real property used to illegally possess, facilitate possession, transport or conceal a controlled substance. A person’s right to purchase a firearm or receive federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, or professional or commercial licenses may also be revoked or denied as a result of a drug conviction. While criminal penalties change from time to time, the University sets forth some sample criminal penalties for drug convictions. For example, under Missouri law, conviction for possession of illicit drugs may result in up to 7 years imprisonment and a fine of $5,000. Under Federal law, conviction for possession of illicit drugs may result in 3 years imprisonment and a fine of at least $1,000, unless the offense involves cocaine base (crack) that may carry mandatory imprisonment for 5 to 20 years. Drug trafficking can result in life sentences under both state and federal law. Under federal law, drug trafficking penalties range from $100,000 to $10 million. State penalties for drug trafficking also may be imposed. Review the information below.
Federal Trafficking Penalties for Schedules I, II, III, IV, and V (except Marijuana)
For the substances/schedules and amounts:
- Cocaine (Schedule II): 500-4999 grams mixture
- Cocaine Base (Schedule II): 28-279 grams mixture
- Fentanyl (Schedule IV): 40-399 grams mixture
- Fentanyl Analogue (Schedule I): 10-99 g rams mixture
- Heroin (Schedule I): 100-999 grams mixture
- LSD (Schedule I): 1-9 grams mixture
- Methamphetamine (Schedule II): 5-49 grams pure or 50-499 grams mixture
- PCP (Schedule II): 10-99 grams pure or 100-999 grams mixture
The penalties are:
- First Offense: Not less than 5 years, and not more than 40 years. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years or more than life. Fine of not more than $5 million if an individual, $25 million if not an individual.
- Second Offense: Not less than 10 years, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $8 million if an individual, $50 million if not an individual.
For the substances/schedules and larger amounts:
- Cocaine (Schedule II): 5 kilograms or more mixture
- Cocaine Base (Schedule II): 280 grams or more mixture
- Fentanyl (Schedule IV): 400 grams or more mixture
- Fentanyl Analogue (Schedule I): 100 grams or more mixture
- Heroin (Schedule I): 1 kilograms or more mixture
- LSD (Schedule I): 10 grams or more mixture
- Methamphetamine (Schedule II): 50 grams more pure or 500 grams or more mixture
- PCP (Schedule II): 100 grams or more pure or 1 kilograms or more mixture
The penalties are:
- First Offense: Not less than 10 years, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, or more than life. Fine of not more than $10 million if an individual, $50 million if not an individual
- Second Offense: Not less than 20 years, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if not an individual.
- 2 or More Prior Offenses: Life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $20 million if an individual, $75 million if not an individual.
For the substances/schedules and amounts:
- Other Schedule I and II Substances (and any substance product containing Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid): any amount
- Flunitrazepam (Schedule IV): 1 gram
The penalties are:
- First Offense: Not more than 20 years. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 years, or more than life. Fine $1 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.
- Second Offense: Not more than 30 years. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual.
For Other Schedule III Substances in any amount, the penalties are:
- First Offense: Not more than 10 years. If death or serious bodily injury, not more than 15 years. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2.5 million if not an individual.
- Second Offense: Not more than 20 years. If death or serious bodily injury, not more than 30 years. Fine not more than $1 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.
For Other Schedule IV Substances (except for 1 gram or more of Flunitrazepam) in any amount, the penalties are:
- First Offense: Not more than 5 years. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.
- Second Offense: Not more than 10 years. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if not an individual.
For All Schedule V Substances in any amount, the penalties are:
- First Offense: Not more than 1 year. Fine not more than $100,000 if an individual, $250,000 if not an individual.
- Second Offense: Not more than 4 years. Fine not more than $200,000 if an individual, $500,000 if not an individual.
In Missouri, it is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to consume, purchase or possess alcohol. If you violate these laws and are found guilty in a court of law, you are subject to suspension of your driving privileges, a fine of up to $1,000, and up to one year in jail. County and municipal ordinances contain similar prohibitions and sanctions. The same penalties apply to persons knowingly furnishing alcohol to minors. Additionally, Missouri has a “Possession by Consumption” law which prohibits minors from having blood alcohol content in excess of .02%. You can find more information about Missouri alcohol laws on the Missouri General Assembly Revised Statutes (Chapter 311) web. Information about Missouri drug laws can be found on the Missouri General Assembly Revised Statutes (Chapter 195) web.
The Rockhurst University Student Code of Conduct outlines expectations for student conduct both on and off campus. The handbook is located at: http://www.thezonelive.com/SchoolStructure/MO_RockhurstUniversity/handbook.pdf
By Missouri State Law, it is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to drink alcohol. Therefore, the use of alcoholic beverages by students under the age of 21 is both illegal and unacceptable on campus. The University expects legal-age students who choose to consume alcoholic beverages to drink sensibly and responsibly. Specifically, the University does not consider drinking in excess to be responsible. The following are some of the behaviors that are considered “irresponsible drinking” and are prohibited: providing alcohol to underage persons, loud and/or destructive behavior/vandalism, illegal and/or underage drinking, inability to control bodily functions, alcohol-related violent or abusive behavior (including date/acquaintance rape and assault), possession/use of beer bongs and common containers (kegs, barrels, party balls, etc.) and possession/consumption of alcoholic beverages in common areas. For further information on Rockhurst Alcohol Policy see policies in Student Handbook. Students who violate the Student Code of Conduct will face disciplinary proceedings. Sanctions may include, but are not limited to the following: monetary fines, completion of appropriate rehabilitation programs, activity or access limitation, delay or postponement of honors and degrees, probation, suspension and expulsion.
The use, possession, sale, giving, manufacture or exchange of illegal drugs, chemicals for use as drugs or controlled substances is strictly prohibited. Furthermore, no person may use or possess drug paraphernalia. Examples of possible drug paraphernalia include (but are not limited to) syringes, bongs, pipes for drug-related use, scales, rolling paper, roach clips, blow tubes, e-cigarettes and vaporizer devices. For further information on substance abuse see Rockhurst’s Code of Conduct. Students who violate the Student Code of Conduct will face disciplinary proceedings. Sanctions may include, but are not limited to the following: monetary fines, completion of appropriate rehabilitation programs, activity or access limitation, delay or postponement of honors and degrees, probation, suspension and expulsion.
In addition to the above sanctions for violating the University’s policy on drugs and alcohol, the offending student may also be referred to appropriate law enforcement authorities for criminal prosecution.
Residential Life, Athletics, Greek Life and other programs may have additional policies regarding alcohol, drugs and social events. Please contact the relevant administrative offices for more information.
FERPA, the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, is a Federal law that regulates disclosure of, and access to, educational records of students. This statute allows a university to notify parents/legal guardians of students under the age of 21 that the student has been found responsible for violation of the university’s policies regarding alcohol consumption and/or drug use.
As a member of the Rockhurst student community, you are responsible for your behavior and will be held fully accountable for your actions, both on and off campus. Each student is individually responsible for adhering to the Rockhurst Student Code of Conduct. Violations of the Code of Conduct will be subject to disciplinary procedures.
Rockhurst University believes that illegal drugs and the abuse of alcohol have no place in the work environment. Each employee should be aware of workplace safety, realizing that impaired employees cannot perform safely or productively. The University expects that all employees report to work and remain in a condition that is free from the effects of alcohol or unlawful use of drugs. All employees should remain alert to impaired behavior or substance abuse by others and report any concerns immediately to a supervisor, human resources, or campus security. The legal use of prescribed drugs is permitted on the job only if it does not impair the employee’s ability to perform the essential functions of the job effectively in a safe manner for the employee, fellow employees, or student. While on University premises, (including any vehicle), working offsite or while fulfilling any job responsibilities on behalf of the University, Rockhurst forbids the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession or use of controlled substances (excluding the lawful possession and use of prescription drugs, as described above), and the unauthorized and/or unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession or use of alcohol. On occasion, alcohol is served at University functions. It is expected that employees exercise good judgment when consuming alcohol at these functions.
As a condition of employment, all employees must abide by these expectations. Further, as a condition of employment, employees must notify Rockhurst University's Director of Human Resources, within five (5) calendar days, if he/she is convicted of a criminal drug violation while on University premises or while conducting Rockhurst business.
Drug and alcohol tests may be administered under the following conditions:
- As part of the employment process for some positions
- If the employee exhibits conduct that would cause a reasonable person to believe that the employee is under the influence of drugs or alcohol
- If the employee demonstrates a level of job performance which suggests a drug or alcohol problem
An independent, professional laboratory will be used to test for the presence of controlled substances and alcohol when testing is necessary. Termination of employment and/or withdrawal of a conditional employment offer will occur as a result of:
- violation of any provision of this policy
- an unacceptable test result
- submission of one diluted samples (absent a medical explanation)
- refusal to submit to a test when requested (such action will be treated as a voluntary resignation)
Violations of this policy can result in disciplinary action against the employee up to, and including, employment termination. Violations of the policy can also lead to referral to appropriate law enforcement authorities for criminal prosecution.
Given our Catholic and Jesuit heritage, Rockhurst is committed to the development and success of each student and employee. Additionally, Rockhurst is committed to upholding the alcohol and other drug policies. These policies, combined with alcohol and other drug prevention programs, intervention resources and environmental management strategies, contribute greatly to the overall wellness and safety of both the individual student or employee and the greater Rockhurst community.